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Nephritic syndrome

Nephritic syndrome is characterized by glomerular capillary damage leading to hematuria, pyuria, water retention, and subsequent hypertension and edema.It can be caused by a variety of conditions including autoimmune, hereditary, and infectious diseases. Nephritic diseases can manifest with varying degrees of severity, ranging from asymptomatic hematuria to systemic involvement, as in rapidly. Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that causes your body to pass too much protein in your urine. Nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by damage to the clusters of small blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood

nephrotic syndrome vs acute glomerulonephritis - Google

Nephritic syndrome - Knowledge for medical students and

Nephritic syndrome is characterized by hematuria and pyuria, often with the presence of erythrocyte casts within the urine. Patients also display hypertension, azotemia, and oliguria.In contrast to nephrotic syndrome, proteinuria and generalized edema are less pronounced or non-existent in those with nephritic syndrome Nephritic syndrome. Nephritic syndrome is a condition involving haematuria, mild to moderate proteinuria (typically less than 3.5g/L/day), hypertension, oliguria and red cell casts in the urine. Clinical Features Symptoms. Haematuria (can be frank haematuria or microscopic) Oedema (to a lesser extent compared to nephrotic syndrome) Reduced.

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, nephritic

Nephrotic syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

NEPHROTIC VS NEPHRITIC SYNDROME. Today we are going to dive into the topic of nephrotic and nephritic syndromes. As those of us in the healthcare profession, or in healthcare professional school know; these syndromes can be quite confusing and seem to come up often Nephrotic syndrome isn't a disease. It's a group of symptoms that can appear if your kidneys aren't working right.. Small blood vessels in your kidneys function as a filter, clearing out. Nephritic syndrome is characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli (glomerulonephritis) and renal dysfunction. The most common cause is immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy, also known as Berger's disease, but other causes include postinfectious glomerulonephritis and lupus nephritis Acute nephritic syndrome is often the most serious and potentially devastating form of the various renal syndromes. Clinical features. The key clinical features of acute nephritic syndrome are: Haematuria. Reduced urine output. Fluid retention and oedema (including periorbital, pedal and pulmonary oedema)

Nephrotic syndrome - Wikipedi

Acute nephritic syndrome is often caused by an immune response triggered by an infection or other disease.. Common causes in children and adolescents include: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (disorder that occurs when an infection in the digestive system produces toxic substances that destroy red blood cells and cause kidney injury); Henoch-Schönlein purpura (disease that involves purple spots on. Nephritic Syndrome is a an acute condition marked by inflammation of the kidneys. It has many underlying causes affecting both children and adults. Classically, there are three main features which are thought to define nephritic syndrome. The Nephritic Syndrome Triad. Hematuria: This is the presence of blood I the urine Nephritic Syndrome. Dr. Muhamed Al Rohani, MD Nephritic Syndrome Hematuria RBC Casts Proteinuria (<3.0 g/day) Decreased GFR Edema Hypertension. Nephrotic Syndrome Proteinuria (>3.0 g/day) Hypoalbuminemia (<3.0 g/dL) Edema Hyperlipidemia Lipiduria. Deffination Nephritic syndrome is characterized by hematuria, RBC casts in urine sediment mild to moderate proteinuria and hypertension Nephritic Syndrome . Streptococcal pharyngitis or skin infection usually precedes nephritis in kids. Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis is now uncommon in the UK but frequent in developing countries. Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP), polyarteritis nodosa,. Roger Seheult, MD of https://www.medcram.com illustrates the key differences between the nephrotic and nephritic syndromes. Topics include proteinuria, hemat..

Buy PDFs here: http://armandoh.org/shop The glomerulus are the functional units of the kidneys. Glomerulonephritis which people know as Nephritic syndrome i.. Nephritic Syndrome: Type: Pathophysiology: Renal Biopsy: Diagnostic Studies and Treatment: Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis : Glomerulonephritis secondary to nephritogenic strains of streptococcu Nephrotic syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms indicating damage to the glomerular filtration barrier.It is characterized by massive proteinuria (> 3.5 g/24 hours), hypoalbuminemia, and edema.In adults, the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome include focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and membranous nephropathy.In children, nephrotic syndrome is most commonly caused by minimal. Development of Nephritic Syndrome. When patient with nephrotic syndrome gets worse, develops hematuria (dysmorphic and RBC's cast), azotemia with oliguria and hypertension, we can say patient has developed nephritic syndrome

Signs of nephritic syndrome Ad

In nephritic syndrome, there is some proteinuria and edema, but it's not nearly as severe as in nephrotic syndrome. The thing with nephritic syndrome is that the lesions causing it all have increased cellularity within the glomeruli, accompanied by a leukocytic infiltrate (hence the suffix -itic) INTRODUCTION AND TERMINOLOGY. Diseases of the glomerulus can result in two different urinary and clinical patterns: nephritic and nephrotic. (See Glomerular disease: Evaluation and differential diagnosis in adults.) Mild nephritic - Disorders resulting in a mild nephritic sediment are generally associated with inflammatory lesions in less than one-half of glomeruli on light microscopy.

Nephritic Syndrome - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. Nephrotic syndrome may affect adults and children of both sexes and of any race. It may occur in typical form, or in association with nephritic syndrome. The latter term connotes glomerular inflammation, with hematuria and impaired kidney function
  2. The incidence of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) is 1·15-16·9 per 100 000 children, varying by ethnicity and region. The cause remains unknown but the pathogenesis of idiopathic NS is thought to involve immune dysregulation, systemic circulating factors, or inherited structural abnormalities of the podocyte
  3. Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by the following: a high amount of protein present in the urine (proteinuria) high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood (hyperlipidemia)low levels.
  4. Nephritic syndrome is typically characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli and presents with hematuria, red cell casts, azotemia, oliguria, proteinuria, and hypertension. Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis is the result of a post infectious state (Postreptococcal). There is a diffuse proliferation of glomerular cells and influx of WBCs
  5. Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.It often occurs in the glomerulus, where it is called glomerulonephritis.Glomerulonephritis is characterized by inflammation and thinning of the glomerular basement membrane and the occurrence of small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus..
Acute glomerulonephritis

Nephritic Syndrome: Group of symptoms that occur with some disorders that cause swelling and inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidney, or glomerulonephritis. Acute nephritic syndrome is often caused by an immune response triggered by an infection or other disease Nephritic syndrome in childhood is determined by the pediatrician on the basis of a combination of laboratory and clinical signs. In small patients, there are various glomerular disorders, edema, arterial hypertension, developing against the background of previous diseases

Causes of nephritic syndrome include post-infectious glomerulonephritis, IgA nephropathy (Berger disease), thin basement membrane disease, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Age plays an important role in identifying the cause of nephritic syndrome. Nonetheless, age should not be the only factor in defining the etiology of nephritic. Nephrotic syndrome can also develop in patients with IgA nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and post-infectious glomerulonephritis. However, these patients usually have a nephritic pattern with haematuria and red cell casts as the predominant feature. Minimal change diseas Again, this is a term describing a set of symptoms and not a pathological condition in itself. Acute and chronic forms of the syndrome exist. The main difference between this and nephrotic syndrome is that in nephritic syndrome haematuria is present. There is alsoproteinuria, hypertension, uraemia, and possibly oliguria {{configCtrl2.info.metaDescription}

In nephritic syndrome, there is some proteinuria and edema, but it's not nearly as severe as in nephrotic syndrome. The thing with nephritic syndrome is that the lesions causing it all have increased cellularity within the glomeruli, accompanied by a leukocytic infiltrate (hence the suffix -itic ) The clinical presentation of lupus nephritis is highly variable, ranging from asymptomatic hematuria and/or proteinuria to frank nephritic syndrome to rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with loss of renal function.17 Lupus nephritis, which was mainly glomerulonephritis was present in 75.4% of our patients, out of which 24.6% had class IV lupus nephritis, and 18.0% had full-blown nephritic. As with nephrotic syndrome, the symptoms of nephritic syndrome include protein in the urine. However, the protein levels are usually not as high as they are in nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome, group of signs of kidney malfunction, including a low level of albumin (a protein) and a high level of lipids (fats) in the blood, proteins in the urine, and the accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Nephrotic syndrome typically results in the loss of more than 3.5 grams o The nephritic syndrome is the result of acute inflammation of the glomeruli, and is thus characterised by the essential components: haematuria; uraemia; oedema, which is usually facial; Hypertension is a common complication. Last reviewed 01/201 Nephritic syndrome is an inflammatory kidney disorder that is sometimes confused with nephrotic syndrome during initial diagnosis. However, there are several clear differences that are ddetermined during laboratory testing. While nephritic syndrome is characterised by inflammation and hematuria (blood in urine), nephrotic syndrome is mostly. Nephritic syndrome due to preformed (p. 240) antibodies may benefit from having those antibodies removed by plasmapheresis, especially in the setting of pulmonary hemorrhage. Newer treatment strategies, such as monoclonal antibodies directed at B cells, have shown promise Nephrotic syndrome 1. NEPHROTIC SYNDROME DR. ABHAY MANGE 2. Definition Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical complex characterized by a number of renal and extrarenal features, most prominent of which are Proteinuria (in practice > 3.0 to 3.5gm/24hrs), Hypoalbuminemia, Edema, Hypertension Hyperlipidemia, Lipiduria and Hypercoagulabilty

Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation. It often occurs in the glomerulus, where it is called glomerulonephritis. Glomerulonephritis is characterized by inflammation and thinning of the glomerular basement membrane and the occu Treatment. Treatment for nephrotic syndrome involves treating any medical condition that might be causing your nephrotic syndrome. Your doctor might also recommend medications and changes in your diet to help control your signs and symptoms or treat complications of nephrotic syndrome Nephritic syndrome is caused by an immune system response to an infection or disease. The most common causes in children and teens include: Haemolytic-uremic syndrome, a disorder that appears after a digestive tract infection produces harmful substances that kill red blood cells and affect the kidneys Nephritic Syndrome Acute. COVID-19: LOW risk Start test. Presentation. Entire Body System. Leg Swelling. Treatment usually focuses on reducing high cholesterol, blood pressure, leg swelling and protein in urine - through diet and medication. [kidneycareuk.org] Leg Edema Nephrotic syndrome is the medical term used to describe a collection of signs and symptoms.They occur because of kidney damage. This is different from nephritic syndrome where there are red blood cells in urine, giving it a red colour appearance.. Nephrotic syndrome is diagnosed by doctors based on the classical symptoms of oedema, proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidaemia (which is.

These syndrome may overlap or co-exist (especially if the pathological process or disease is uncontrolled), in which case, mostly nephrotic syndrome precedes nephritic syndrome. Regarding the question of nephritic vs. nephrotic syndrome, it is important to point out that several of the above pathological conditions might have symptoms that most often appear in nephrotic syndrome Most of the time, nephrotic syndrome goes away with medicine, and kids outgrow it by the time they're teens. Nephrotic (neh-FROT-ik) syndrome happens when tiny filters in the kidneys called glomeruli (gluh-MARE-you-lie) leak too much protein into urine. It can happen at any age, but is most common.

Nephrotic vs Nephritic Disorders

Nephritic Syndrome Clinical syndrome defined by: Haematuria/ red cell casts Hypertension (mild) Oliguria Uraemia Proteinuria (<3g/24 hours) Signs and Symptoms Haematuria (E.g. cola coloured) Proteinuria Hypertension Oliguria Flank pain General systemic symptoms Post-infectious = 2-3 weeks after strep-throat/URTI What are your differentials nephritic syndrome Glomerulonephritic syndrome Nephrology An obsolete nonspecific term for a renal lesion characterized by inflammation and necrosis of glomeruli In FSGS—the most common primary cause of nephrotic syndrome—scar tissue forms in parts of the glomeruli. In membranous nephropathy, immune molecules form harmful deposits on the glomeruli. Nephrotic syndrome can also be caused by systemic diseases, which are diseases that affect many parts of the body, such as diabetes or lupus

Congenital nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by an inherited faulty gene. For the condition to be passed on to a child, both parents must have a healthy copy of the gene and a faulty one. This means they do not have nephrotic syndrome themselves, but there's a 1 in 4 chance that any children they have will develop the condition Features of nephritic syndrome (macroscopic haematuria, hypertension and renal impairment) Management Investigations. The diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome includes: Heavy proteinuria (dipstick 3-4+ or urine protein/creatinine ratio >0.2 g/mmol = >200 mg/mmol) Hypoalbuminaemia (<25 g/L) Urin congenital nephrotic syndrome: medications, surgery to remove one or both kidneys, and transplantation; Primary Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome. Health care providers treat idiopathic childhood nephrotic syndrome with several types of medications that control the immune system, remove extra fluid, and lower blood pressure. Control the immune system

Nephrotic syndrome definition is - an abnormal condition that is marked by deficiency of albumin in the blood and its excretion in the urine due to altered permeability of the glomerular basement membranes Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that show your kidneys are not working as well as they should. These symptoms include too much protein in your urine, not enough protein in your blood, too much fat or cholesterol in your blood, and swelling

Nephritic Syndrome (1) Nephrocalcinosis (1) Nephrolithiasis (1) Nephrotic syndrome (2) Non-lupus Immune Complex GN (2) Overview of GN (3) Paraprotein Related Glomerular Disease (5) Pattern GN (1) Pauci-immune GN (3) PR3-ANCA Vasculitis (5) Pregnancy (5) Pregnancy and Kidney Disease (2) Primary FSGS (2) Proliferative Glomerulonephritis (2 Next up is nephritic syndrome, which is where there's peripheral or periorbital edema, hypertension, and oliguria- meaning a urine output between 80 and 400 milliliters per day. Urinalysis shows glomerular hematuria and proteinuria. On the 24-hour protein test, there's moderate proteinuria- specifically between 1 and 3 grams per day

Any features of a possible nephritic syndrome such as haematuria, hypertension and impaired renal function parameters. Management principles. Diet and fluids: Reduce salt intake in the diet (avoid processed foods and adding salt to food). Give a diet with adequate calorific intake and sufficient protein content (1-2 g/kg daily) One of the defining features used to determine the difference between nephritic and nephrotic syndromes is the amount of protein in the urine. Nephritic syndromes have under 3.5 g/day. Nephrotic syndromes have over 3.5 g/day. Fatty casts are a feature of nephrotic syndromes I n an effort to put the safety of our community first, The Nephrotic Syndrome Foundation has put a halt to in-person fundraising events scheduled for this summer. Your donations, love and support allow us to impact the lives of each of these families, and to be there for them when they need us most. Thank you for your continued support The aim of this study was to compare clinical and laboratory features of children with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome. We have examined 30 children with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and 17 children with steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome, who arrived for hospitalization at Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital in 1997-2000 Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndrome January 22, 2008 Pamela J. Fall, M.D. Section of Nephrolog

Overview of Nephritic Syndrome - Genitourinary Disorders

Nephrotic syndrome is caused by different disorders that damage the kidneys. This damage leads to the release of too much protein in the urine. The most common cause in children is minimal change disease. Membranous glomerulonephritis is the most common cause in adults. In both diseases, the glomeruli in the kidneys are damaged The nephrotic syndrome is defined by a urinary protein level exceeding 3.5 g per 1.73 m2 of body-surface area per day. At the turn of the century, clinicians distinguished a nephritic syndrome of i.. Nephritic syndrome can be caused by several diseases including Berger's disease, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. It is characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli and commonly causes hematuria, hypertension, oliguria, and less than 3.5 grams per day of proteinuria The many different causes of glomerular disease can be generally classified into one of three major syndromes: Nephrotic syndrome, nephritic syndrome, and asymptomatic renal disease. However, there may be considerable overlap in their clinical presentation with some diseases presenting with components of both syndromes. +

Nephritic Syndrome - What is?, Signs, Symptoms, Diet

Acute nephritic syndrome is the most serious and potentially devastating form of the various renal syndromes. Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis ( PSGN ) is the archetype of acute GN. In recent decades, however, the incidence of PSGN has fallen in the United States and other developed countries, while postinfectious GN from staphylococcal infection has risen Nephrotic syndrome is a condition where the kidneys leak protein from the blood into the urine. When it is untreated, children can often die from infections. Most children, with nephrotic syndrome, respond to corticosteroid drugs (prednisone, prednisolone) reducing the risk of serious infection.However they usually have repeat episodes, which are often triggered by viral infections Nephritic/Nephrotic Syndromein a Rush. Home / Nephritic/Nephrotic Syndromein a Rush. Aug 13, 2020 Alex Jay Renal Renal. Which one involves blood? Protein?? Beckoning back to the Step 1 days of yonder, let's dive into the a little bit of renal anatomy and disease. Basics The mechanism of edema formation in the nephrotic syndrome has long been a source of controversy. In this review, through the construct of Starling's forces, we examine the roles of albumin, intravascular volume, and neurohormones on edema formation and highlight the evolving literature on the role of primary sodium absorption in edema formation What is childhood nephrotic syndrome? Children with too much protein in their urine, sudden weight gain, and swelling in various body parts could have a condition called nephrotic syndrome. Childhood nephrotic syndrome is also called nephrosis. Nephrotic syndrome happens when tiny structures in the kidneys called glomeruli stop working properly and let too much protein ente

Nephritic Syndrome Pathway Medicin

Post Views: 4,538 © 2020 - The Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease Disclaime Nephritic syndrome is a clinical manifestation of glomerular injury through an inflammatory process. Patients with nephritic syndrome will show frank haematuria (red blood cells and red cell casts in the urine), hypertension, oliguria, azotaemia (increased concentrations of urea and creatinine in the blood), as well as oedema and proteinuria, The increase in urea and creatinin Nephrotic syndrome is a problem where too much protein called albumin is released from the body into the urine. It means that one or both kidneys are damaged. The most common type is called minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). With MCNS, a child has times when symptoms get worse (relapses) Learning objectives: Definition of Nephritic syndrome Pathophysiology Causes Clinical features Investigations Management 1. Definition Acute Nephritic syndrome is a clinical syndrome consists of, Oedema Oliguria Haematuria (macroscopic or microscopic) Hypertension Proteinuria Pathophysiology Most cases of nephritic syndrome is due to acute glomerulo-nephritis secondary to infective causes

Medical kidney diseases - Libre Pathology

Nephrotic vs Nephritic Syndrome Geeky Medic

Nephritic syndrome is defined by: hematuria with dysmorphic RBC's and casts; proteinuria <2g/day . The Case of... a simple case introducing clincial presentation and calling for a differential diagnosis to get students thinking. return to top . Causes and Risk Factors. The most common cause of nephritic syndrome is proliferative glomerulonephritis Acute nephritic syndrome is often caused by an immune response triggered by an infection or other disease. Common causes in children and adolescents include: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (disorder that occurs when an infection in the digestive system produces toxic substances that destroy red blood cells and cause kidney injury Nephrotic syndrome results from loss of plasma proteins in the urine and characterized by hypoalbuminemia, hyperalbuminuria, hyperlipidemia, and edema. It may be caused by primary (idiopathic) renal disease or by a variety of secondary causes. C..

Nephrotic vs Nephritic Syndrome - Medgeek

Become fluent in medical concepts. The video course Nephritic Syndrome will boost your knowledge. Study for your classes, USMLE, MCAT or MBBS. Learn online with high-yield video lectures by world-class professors &earn perfect scores. Save time & study efficiently. Try now for free Glomerulonephritis (nephritic syndrome) is a condition characterized mainly by hematuria (i.e. the presence of red blood cells in urine) along with other symptoms and signs such as azotemia, oliguria and mild to moderate hypertension. Glomerulonephritis can be categorized into main two groups based on the duration of the disease Hypertension occurs in nephritic syndrome due to increased inflammation at the glomerulus. This leads to hemodynamic changes that cause the over all GFR to decrease, and thus oliguria. It is the overall decreased ability to make urine, due to inflammatory damage, that causes hypertension Nephrotic syndrome is rare - about 1 in 50,000 children get nephrotic syndrome each year. It affects more boys than girls. It can happen in people of all ages, though often starts when a child is between 2 and 5 years old Nephritic syndrome information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues

Nephrotic Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatmen

Nephritic syndrome is typically caused by inflammation that damages the glomerular basement membrane, leading to hematuria and red blood cell casts in the urine. Eventually, this damage can lead to renal failure , where the individual can present with oliguria, arterial hypertension, due to sodium retention, and peripheral and periorbital edema The nephritic syndrome is associated with hematuria and proteinuria and abnormal kidney function and carries poorer prognosis and is typically associated with hypertension. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The prognosis of renal vein thrombosis: a re-evaluation of 27 cases The classical nephritic syndrome has a sudden onset (days / weeks) and the main cause is post streptococcal glomerulonephritis. Regardless of origin, the basic condition is characterized by hematuria , mild (non-nephrotic, ie less than 3.5 g / 24h ) and oliguria(400 ml / day urine) proteinuria . Hematuria originates from compromised glomeruli, and is the most common and most common sign of. Nephritic syndrome: p/c: o Haematuria (micro/macro) o Mild proteinuria - not significant enough to cause depression of serum albumin (no hypoalbuminaemia) unlike nephrotic syndrome. o Inability of kidney to excrete fluids = oedema, HTN, oliguri Option C: The primary purpose of administering corticosteroids to a child with nephritic syndrome is to decrease proteinuria. Option A: Corticosteroids have no effect on blood pressure. Option B: Although they help reduce inflammation, this is not the reason for their use in patients with nephritic syndrome

Nephritic vs. Nephrotic Syndrome — Medcomi

Start studying Nephritic Syndrome. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Nephritic Syndrome is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription.. Emergency Central is a collection of disease, drug, and test information including 5-Minute Emergency Medicine Consult, Davis's Drug, McGraw-Hill Medical's Diagnosaurus®, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals created for emergency. Nephrotic syndrome is defined as: more than 3.5 g of proteinuria/24 h, serum albumin less than 3 mg/dL, edema, hyperlipidemia, and lipiduria. Nephrotic syndrome may appear as a primary (idiopathic) renal disease or occur in association with any of a number of systemic conditions and hereditary diseases Nephrotic syndrome (NS) consists of peripheral edema, heavy proteinuria, and hypoalbuminemia, often with hyperlipidemia. Patients typically present with edema and fatigue, without evidence of.

Nephrotic syndrome Mnemonic - Medical InstitutionNephrotic vs Nephritic syndrome | Geeky Medics

Nephrotic syndrome can cause your kidneys to lose their function over time. If kidney function falls low enough, you might need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Infections. People with nephrotic syndrome have an increased risk of infections. Diagnosis. Tests and procedures used to diagnose nephrotic syndrome include: Urine tests Nephritic syndrome (or acute nephritic syndrome) is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation. It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Test your ability to understand information about what causes nephrotic and nephritic syndromes. Quiz questions assess your knowledge of proteinuria and edema These conditions are called nephrotic and nephritic syndrome. When a Filter Is Damaged If your car's air filter is damaged, then you would expect all sorts of dust to leak into the car's cabin

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